The department, which was previously included in internal diseases specialization, was later divided into a main section. The department, which is also in the internal diseases group, started to operate as a separate branch such as cardiology, gastroenterology and hematology departments in parallel with the increasing need for specialization. Pulmonary diseases are included in the specialty of Chest Diseases. However, it is not always correct to consider it as pure lung diseases because it is very often associated with ear-nose-throat diseases, which deal with lung diseases, heart diseases and other internal diseases and upper respiratory tract. : But since breast diseases are the subject of general surgery and gynecology, it is secondary to our department. However, since some breast diseases can cause chest pain, it can be used to evaluate whether the pain comes from the breast or the breast.
All lung diseases are included in the subject of chest diseases. These are lung cancers, pulmonary tuberculosis (tuberculosis), asthma and allergic diseases, acute and chronic forms of bronchitis, advanced influenza infections.
Chest diseases, like other specialties, use various methods for diagnosis. These can be listed as chest radiographs and tomographs, bronchoscopy, respiratory function tests, allergy tests, various blood and urine tests.
Chest radiographs and tomography are well-known methods. Chest radiographs can be taken posteriorly, anteriorly and laterally and give a general idea about the lung. Since diseases cannot always be diagnosed only by examination, it is the first method applied by a Chest diseases specialist. However, only 20% of the lung can be seen from the chest x-ray and it is a method used to get an initial opinion. In cases where this examination is suspected or a screening is performed (for example, dissemination research in cancer patients), advanced imaging methods such as computed tomography and magnetic resonance (MR) can be used.
It is a method that allows examination by entering the lung with a thin tube when necessary and washing it and taking parts when necessary. It is one of the same examination group with gastroscopy, which is known as endoscopy, which can be examined by entering the stomach with a hose and taking parts. However, the tube is thinner. The procedure can be performed under general anesthesia or by a method called deep sedation, but the patient is not fully conscious but does not feel and remember the pain. This procedure is applied in cases where lung cancer is suspected or when the lung should be seen from the inside in various diseases. In addition, the same method is applied to remove various substances (foreign bodies) such as lung-leaking pins, core shell, etc.
Pulmonary function tests are a very useful and very easy method, known as the blowing test among the people, applied to measure lung functions with a small device and to evaluate the location and severity of the restriction in case of restriction.
Allergy tests are a method applied from the arm, by dropping the substances that will cause allergies in nature to the arm and slightly scratching the skin. With this method, what the allergy is against and its severity can be evaluated. In the distinction of asthma and bronchitis, it may be necessary in the regulation of allergic rhinitis (hay fever) treatment.
Apart from these, various blood and urine tests are used in the diagnosis of lung diseases as required by the patient's disease.
Our Chest Diseases unit has started to operate in our hospital since May 2005. We are happy to be able to help our patients.
We wish our people a good day by wishing no smoking days in order to ensure the continuity of health before they become ill, but by stating that we are always ready for duty in case of illness.