The infectious disease table, which we call Lyme disease or Borreliosis, is an important infectious disease table seen in Europe and North America, again in some geographic regions in the northern hemisphere. Lyme disease can manifest itself with the rash called erythema, which started within a few days in the area where the tick bites.
This rash sign can be seen in 70-80% of cases.
And the name of the disease is an important symptom and finding to diagnose. Subsequently, it can be seen within days, weeks, months following this tick bite depending on the cases, but joint involvement, nervous system involvement and involvement of other tissues and organs can be seen. Being aware of Lyme infection, taking precautions against tick retention is an important consideration, especially when traveling in rural areas, or taking necessary measures against tick retention when working or doing some activities such as picnics. If Lyme disease is diagnosed, appropriate antibiotic treatments can be performed by infectious diseases and clinical microbiology specialists. And if lyme disease is carried out early diagnosis and treatment as in many infection damage tables, it is possible for this disease to become chronic and prevent some unwanted complications.
The Jarisch–Herxheimer reaction
The Jarisch–Herxheimer reaction is a systemic reaction that occurs hours after initial treatment of spirochete infections, such as syphilis, leptospirosis, Lyme disease, and relapsing fever, and presents fever, chills, myalgia, headache, tachycardia, hyperventilation, flushing, and mild hypotension 1–2 hours after treatment of a spirochetal infection with penicillin or other antimicrobial agents. It is self-limited, peaks at about 7 hours, and lasts for 12–24 hours. It is seen in 70–90% of cases of secondary syphilis and in 10–25% of all cases of syphilis combined.,
The common tick-borne diseases
The most common tick-borne diseases include Lyme disease, babesiosis, anaplasmosis, ehrlichiosis, relapsing fever, tularemia, Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF), rickettsia and bartonella. Diseases acquired together like this are called co-infections.